Riviste scientifiche

[Comment] Offline: A new revolution for child and adolescent health

The Lancet - Gi, 28/04/2022 - 00:30
The most extraordinary success story in global health's recent history has been the rapid decline in deaths of children younger than 5 years. In 2000, there were an estimated 10·8 million under-5 deaths. By 2019 that number had fallen by over half to 5·2 million. This reduction was no accident. It demanded the commitment of thousands of front-line health workers, combined with often steep reductions in extreme poverty. Science played an important part. In 2002, Jennifer Bryce visited The Lancet's offices to invite us to take up the cause of child survival by publishing a series of papers that explicitly linked the science and politics of child health.

[Series] Health and development from preconception to 20 years of age and human capital

The Lancet - Gi, 28/04/2022 - 00:30
Optimal health and development from preconception to adulthood are crucial for human flourishing and the formation of human capital. The Nurturing Care Framework, as adapted to age 20 years, conceptualises the major influences during periods of development from preconception, through pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence that affect human capital. In addition to mortality in children younger than 5 years, stillbirths and deaths in 5–19-year-olds are important to consider. The global rate of mortality in individuals younger than 20 years has declined substantially since 2000, yet in 2019 an estimated 8·6 million deaths occurred between 28 weeks of gestation and 20 years of age, with more than half of deaths, including stillbirths, occurring before 28 days of age.

[Series] Effects of early-life poverty on health and human capital in children and adolescents: analyses of national surveys and birth cohort studies in LMICs

The Lancet - Gi, 28/04/2022 - 00:30
The survival and nutrition of children and, to a lesser extent, adolescents have improved substantially in the past two decades. Improvements have been linked to the delivery of effective biomedical, behavioural, and environmental interventions; however, large disparities exist between and within countries. Using data from 95 national surveys in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), we analyse how strongly the health, nutrition, and cognitive development of children and adolescents are related to early-life poverty.

Meta is using AI to create low-carbon concrete for its data centres

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 22:00
Meta has used AI to develop concrete that emits 40 per cent less carbon, but researchers say that other concrete mixtures can already achieve that

Efficient battery could charge electric cars 60 per cent in 6 minutes

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 21:00
Changing how battery particles are ordered speeds up charging times without affecting energy storage

A small Irish community survived a millennium of plagues and famines

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 21:00
Analysis of pollen preserved in peat at Slieveanorra in the Antrim hills reveals the resilience of a rural community through environmental changes

People visited Stonehenge site thousands of years before it was built

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 21:00
Archaeological work at Blick Mead, a site near Stonehenge, reveals that people were visiting the site thousands of years before the monument was built

Politicians must stop using pseudoscience to sell their policies

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
The UK government's plan to use "scientific methods" to find the age of asylum seekers is based on methods that haven't been proven to work

Horizon Forbidden West review: An engrossing video game sequel

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
The story of Aloy, a hunter in a future world ravaged by climate change and dominated by robotic animals, continues in an open-world game that is even better than its predecessor Horizon Zero Dawn, says Jacob Aron

How a billion dogs, including our pets, are laying waste to wildlife

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
There is growing evidence that feral dogs and their domestic cousins have a big ecological impact, from hunting and spooking wildlife to poisoning plants and spreading disease to endangered species

Striking images of the International Space Station and space shuttles

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
These detailed images from photographer Roland Miller’s new book Orbital Planes offer a privileged peek inside NASA’s space shuttle programme

Shining Girls review: TV sci-fi thriller is a mind-bending puzzle

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
Elisabeth Moss is after a killer who is defying all known laws of reality in Shining Girls, an unsettling Apple TV+ adaptation of Lauren Beukes's science-fiction thriller

Working from home could have a dystopian future if staff aren't valued

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
Remote working might sound enticing, but a two-tier system is emerging, in which it is valued less by employers. This division is only set to grow, says Annalee Newitz

Controversial claim that the universe is skewed could upend cosmology

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
Our understanding of the universe is underpinned by the cosmological principle: the assumption that, on the grandest scales, it looks more or less the same in all directions. What if that's wrong?

MIT investigates how the Oreo crumbles

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
As researchers reveal new insights into how creme-filled sandwich biscuits split apart, Feedback also ponders a new ruling on the cakey-ness of flapjacks, and Dutch cannibalism in the 19th century

We need to stop political spin from polluting public trust in science

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
Keeping science and politics socially distanced from each other is the best way to ensure government spin doesn’t damage trust in the former, says Fiona Fox

The Matter of Everything review: A pacy look at 20th-century physics

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 20:00
From the discovery of the first subatomic particle to the confirmation of the Higgs boson in 2012, Suzie Sheehy's account of experiments that changed our world is detailed but lively

Chemical waste can be recycled into a range of drugs and fertilisers

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 18:00
Researchers used software to identify drugs and fertilisers that can be made from 189 byproducts of large-scale industrial processes

Discovery of a genetic cause of lupus could lead to new treatments

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 18:00
Scientists sequenced the DNA of a 7-year-old girl with severe lupus, which suggests mutations to the gene TLR7 may cause the autoimmune condition

Over a fifth of reptile species are at risk of extinction

New Scientist - Me, 27/04/2022 - 18:00
A global study has found that farming, logging, urban development and invasive species may cause 21 per cent of reptile species to go extinct
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