The Lancet

Condividi contenuti
The Lancet RSS feed.
Aggiornato: 3 ore 52 min fa

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1736–88—In this Global Health Metrics paper, the affiliations have been amended for Yasin Jemal Yasin, Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub, and Abdullatif Husseini; and the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov. These corrections have been made to the online version as of June 20, 2019.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1789–858—In this Global Health Metrics paper, Nicholas L S Roberts and W Cliff Mountjoy-Venning have been added to the collaborators list; affiliation details have been amended for Mina Anjomshoa, Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub, and Yasin Jemal Yasin; and the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 DALYs and HALE Collaborators. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1859–922—In this Global Health Metrics paper, Joan B Soriano has been added to the collaborators list; affiliation details have been amended for Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub, Tanuj Kanchan, and Yasin Jemal Yasin; and the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 Risk Factor Collaborators. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1923–94—In this Global Health Metrics paper, affiliations have been amended for Yasin Jemal Yasin, Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub, and Tanuj Kanchan; the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov; and acknowledgments have been added for providers of smoking relative risk data.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 Population and Fertility Collaborators. Population and fertility by age and sex for 195 countries and territories, 1950–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1995–2051—In this Global Health Metrics paper, Haley Comfort has been added to the collaborators list, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor's name has been corrected, affiliation details have been amended for Mohammad Reza Salahshoor and Yasin Jemal Yasin, and the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
GBD 2017 SDG Collaborators. Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 2091–138—In this Global Health Metrics paper, affiliation details have been amended for Mina Anjomshoa, Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub, Behzad Khafaei, and Yasin Jemal Yasin; and the declaration of interests statement has been amended for Boris Bikbov.

[Clinical Picture] Atypical presentation of classic Kaposi's sarcoma

Sa, 22/06/2019 - 00:00
A 77-year-old woman presented to our department with a 2-year history of multiple, painful, purple lesions over her left breast. Physical examination showed multiple, violaceous, infiltrated papules, nodules, and plaques on her left mammary gland (figure), neck, forearms, legs, hands, and feet. She also had axillary and inguinal lymphadenopathy. She had no medical history prior to this problem. Results of biochemical analyses were normal, and the patient was seronegative for HIV and cytomegalovirus.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Ve, 21/06/2019 - 00:30
Kirkcaldy RD, Workowski KA. Gentamicin as an alternative treatment for gonorrhoea. Lancet 2019; 393: 2474–75—This Comment (published Online First on May 2) should have been published under a CC BY-NC-ND Open Access licence. This correction has been made to the online version as of June 20, 2019.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

Ve, 21/06/2019 - 00:30
Ross JDC, Brittain C, Cole M, et al. Gentamicin compared with ceftriaxone for the treatment of gonorrhoea (G-ToG): a randomised non-inferiority trial. Lancet 2019; 393: 2511–20—This Article (published Online First on May 2) should have been published under a CC BY-NC-ND Open Access licence. This correction has been made to the online version as of June 20, 2019.

[Correspondence] Global mental health

Gi, 20/06/2019 - 00:30
To enhance the commitment of the Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustaintable development set out by Vikram Patel and colleagues1—to reframe the global mental health agenda within the broader conceptualisation of mental health, envisioned in the Sustainable Development Goals—we offer some suggestions for further reform.

[Correspondence] Global mental health

Gi, 20/06/2019 - 00:30
As UK trainee psychiatrists sharing an interest in global mental health, we welcome the Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development1 with enthusiasm. We concur that task sharing, as a central factor to scaling up global mental health care, requires engagement from multidisciplinary mental health specialists. We also agree that in addition to optimising clinical care at a distance, digital technologies can enhance the training and supervision of non-specialist health workers.

[Correspondence] Global mental health

Gi, 20/06/2019 - 00:30
The Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development1 was excellent and necessary. We were especially pleased to see recognition of the role of legislation in promoting the global mental health agenda. Historically, mental health has been the branch of medicine most closely aligned with the law, although mental health legislation often came to perpetuate violations of human rights rather than prevent them. The response of mental health professionals to this historical relationship, however, should not be to distance mental health from legislation, but to reimagine the partnership to protect people's liberty and improve services.

[Correspondence] Global mental health – Authors' reply

Gi, 20/06/2019 - 00:30
We thank the correspondents for their comments and suggestions on the Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development.1 They highlight several aspects regarding the implementation of the key recommendations made in the Commission.

[Correspondence] Plan S: the final cut—response from cOAlition S

Gi, 20/06/2019 - 00:30
On behalf of the cOAlition S Executive Steering Group, I commend the Editors of The Lancet for their positive support for Plan S and the ambition to make full and immediate open access a reality. Finding ways in which researchers can seek to publish in their preferred journals, while ensuring that the outputs of funded research can be accessed and used by all, is a key part of our strategy.

[Correspondence] Rising suicide rates among adolescents in England and Wales

Me, 19/06/2019 - 00:30
There are concerns that the incidence of affective disorders1 and self-harm2 is rising among adolescents. Whether this rise reflects an increase in population prevalence is unclear. The apparent increase could indicate a greater willingness to discuss such issues, and a better recognition of mental health difficulties by referring clinicians, rather than increases in morbidity.

[Editorial] The politics of PHEIC

Ma, 18/06/2019 - 10:40
An emergency committee decided on June 14 that the current Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo did not warrant a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). It was the third time the committee has decided against a PHEIC declaration since this Ebola outbreak began in August, 2018, which has now affected over 2100 people. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus agreed with the committee's advice but asserted the outbreak remains an emergency.

[Perspectives] Rebecca Katz: leading light in global health security

Ma, 18/06/2019 - 10:40
It may seem strange that the Global Health Security 2019 conference, in Sydney, NSW, Australia, on June 18–20, is the first of its kind, but as Rebecca Katz, Director of the Center for Global Health Science and Security at Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA, explains: “The global health security field is actually relatively young, and while a lot of work has been going on in many parts of the world over the past decade or so, the Sydney meeting will be a unique opportunity to bring the key players together to help shape future priorities.”

[Correspondence] Five national academies call for global compact on air pollution and health

Lu, 17/06/2019 - 10:00
Air pollution causes 7 million premature deaths each year,1 and deaths due to ambient air pollution are on track to double by 2050.2 Yet despite its enormous health and economic impacts, air pollution is accepted by many governments as an unavoidable consequence of economic growth. Prevention of air pollution is underfunded in official development assistance and, as yet, no major foundation has made air pollution its priority.

[Viewpoint] The case of Kavumu: a model of medicolegal collaboration

Sa, 15/06/2019 - 06:22
On July 27, 2018, in a landmark judgment, the High Military Court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) upheld the conviction of 11 men, including a provincial lawmaker, who had been found guilty in December, 2017, of crimes against humanity for the rape of dozens of young girls and for murder in the village of Kavumu.1 This decision was the first successful conviction of sexual violence as a crime against humanity in the DRC for a sitting lawmaker. It is the culmination of 5 years of groundbreaking work by many national and international stakeholders, especially by Congolese medical, psychological, and legal professionals.

[Editorial] The devastating impact of Trump's global gag rule

Sa, 15/06/2019 - 00:00
About 56 million abortions are done annually, and almost half (25 million) are unsafe, of which 97% occur in developing countries. An estimated 8% of all maternal deaths are due to abortion, leaving a massive unmet global need for access to safe abortion services. Despite this situation, the USA, the world's largest global health donor, takes a hardline stance against abortion both at home and abroad. On June 5, the International Women's Health Coalition launched Crisis in care: year two impact of Trump's global gag rule, detailing the direct effect of anti-abortion policies and the broader ways in which they are threatening the work of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that support women and vulnerable groups around the world.