Riviste scientifiche

Extinction Rebellion founder calls for mass psychedelic disobedience

New Scientist - Lu, 19/08/2019 - 18:10
Gail Bradbrook, a co-founder of Extinction Rebellion, has called for a mass ingestion of psychedelic substances in protest against the criminalisation of drugs

Climate change will drive longer extreme heatwaves in summer

New Scientist - Lu, 19/08/2019 - 17:00
If the world warms by more than 2°C, extreme summer heat and rain are likely to last longer and lead to flooding, with serious effects for farming and health

A classic quantum theorem may prove there are many parallel universes

New Scientist - Lu, 19/08/2019 - 16:47
If we accept that information can’t travel faster than the speed of light, a quantum theorem seems to require many worlds that split when you make a measurement

We have spotted 8 more mysterious repeating radio bursts from space

New Scientist - Lu, 19/08/2019 - 13:26
Fast radio bursts are unexplained blasts of radio waves from space. A haul of eight newly spotted ones that flash repeatedly may help us work out what they are

The UK has lost its World Health Organization ‘measles-free’ status

New Scientist - Lu, 19/08/2019 - 12:30
Three years after the measles virus was eliminated, the UK has lost its “measles-free” status, prompting the government to announce urgent action

Having kids makes you happier, but only when they move out

New Scientist - Do, 18/08/2019 - 08:00
Parents with young children are less happy than non-parents, but the tables seem to turn when their children leave home and become more supportive than stressful

Genetic studies hint alcohol isn’t linked to breast cancer after all

New Scientist - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 08:00
Genetic studies rebut current warnings from health officials that alcohol causes breast tumours, and that even light drinking causes throat cancer

Genetic studies suggest alcohol isn’t linked to breast cancer afterall

New Scientist - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 08:00
Genetic studies rebut current warnings from health officials that alcohol causes breast tumours, and that even light drinking causes throat cancer

[Editorial] Reaching critical mass on mass shootings

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
In just over a week, a spate of mass shootings devastated the USA: in Gilroy, CA, on July 28, 2019, three people were killed and 12 injured at a festival; in El Paso, TX, on Aug 3, 22 were killed and 24 injured at a shopping centre; and in downtown Dayton, OH, on Aug 4, another nine were killed and 27 were injured. It has left the country aghast, overwhelmed, and looking for answers to whether and how these killings can be prevented. Over 250 separate mass shootings have occurred in 2019. Although rare in the scope of gun violence, the seemingly unpredictable nature of these tragic events has begun to chisel away at the public's reluctance toward gun reform.

[Editorial] Fear and uncertainty around Kashmir's future

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
Last week in a controversial move, India revoked the autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir, allowing India greater authority over the state's affairs. The announcement fanned tension with Pakistan, which also claims the region and has fought India over it for more than seven decades. At least 28 000 Indian security forces have been deployed; in the capital city Srinagar, a lockdown has been implemented that suspended communication and internet links, and a strict curfew has been imposed. The militant presence raises serious concerns for the health, safety, and freedoms of the Kashmiri people.

[Editorial] The gender plight of humanitarian aid

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
World Humanitarian Day, which takes place on Aug 19 each year, celebrates the efforts of humanitarian aid workers operating in war-torn, resource deprived, or disease-affected settings to sustain human life. This year, special tribute is paid to the unsung heroes of humanitarian health—women. Whether they are at the forefront of an international crisis or operating within local communities, their long-lasting and stabilising impact makes them true peace keepers of humanitarian health.

[World Report] People with albinism in Africa: contending with skin cancer

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
Attacks against people with albinism are lessening, but the fear of stigma and lack of awareness mean skin cancer is still a major threat to their health. Esther Nakkazi reports.

[Perspectives] Patrice Harris, President of the American Medical Association

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
When Patrice A Harris describes what it was like to grow up in the small southern town of Bluefield, WV, USA, her memories sound idyllic: high school football games on Friday nights, where she performed as a majorette and a cheerleader, and Sunday dinners with a big extended family. She calls it “a great place to grow up”, with her schoolteacher mother, a father who worked on the railroad, and grandfathers and neighbours who worked in the coal mines. It's a long way from life in “the heart of coal country” to becoming the first African American woman President of the American Medical Association (AMA), a post she took up in June, 2019.

[Perspectives] Digital orthodoxy of human data collection

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
The notion that more data are more informative has helped lay the foundation for a new era in medical diagnostics. But this “kitchen sink” approach can be misguided. A classic example is a middle-aged executive without any symptoms who undergoes a yearly health check that sets off a cascade of additional testing, sometimes invasive and not without risk but often without any benefit except for the creation of revenue. That example precedes today's data collection technologies of whole genome sequencing (WGS), wearable biosensors, high-resolution imaging, gut microbiome metagenomics, and more.

[Perspectives] Type 2 diabetes

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
In the space of a few months in 1921, an acute and terminal disease—type 1 diabetes—became a manageable chronic condition. The discovery of insulin by Frederick Banting, Charles Best, and their colleagues captured a mood of therapeutic optimism, the hope that a new scientific medicine, rooted in the laboratory and working through the networks of industry and state health care, could find cures for all diseases. But insulin therapy, clinicians soon realised, was effective in only a minority of patients.

[Obituary] Marshall Leonard Marinker

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
General practitioner with a creative influence. He was born in London, UK, on March 2, 1930, and died there from the complications of leukaemia on June 10, 2019, aged 89 years.

[Correspondence] SGLT-2 inhibitors for people with type 2 diabetes

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
Evidence that sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) can reduce cardiovascular risk—with trials1,2 showing reductions in cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke—would suggest they have much to offer in the care of patients with type 2 diabetes at high risk of cardiovascular events. But should they be used in patients at low risk?

[Correspondence] SGLT-2 inhibitors for people with type 2 diabetes

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) seem promising for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, as shown in a study by Zelniker and colleagues.1 They are now suggested as second-line therapy for most patients with type 2 diabetes.2 However, important questions remain open for an important patient group, older patients (particularly those older than 80 years).

[Correspondence] SGLT-2 inhibitors for people with type 2 diabetes – Authors' reply

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
German Malaga and Eloy F Ruiz suggest that some patients might perceive that the cost and side-effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) could outweigh the benefit in terms of reduction in cardiovascular and renal events.1 It should go without saying that shared decision making between the doctor and patient is always prudent.

[Correspondence] Health worker gap in Italy: the untold truth

The Lancet - Sa, 17/08/2019 - 00:00
I read with interest the World Report by Marta Paterlini1 about the shortfall of doctors in Italy. I commend Paterlini for highlighting this unsolved problem, but unfortunately, the piece fails to identify its real cause. Born, raised, and trained as an anaesthesiologist in Italy, then re-trained in the USA, I have had the privilege of living and working in different countries, and in my opinion, this issue is far from being addressed in a thorough and systematic way.
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