Riviste scientifiche

Two possible MERS cases force hospital in Manchester to close

New Scientist - Lu, 27/07/2015 - 20:29
If confirmed, the cases would be the UK's fifth and sixth ever cases of MERS, the respiratory virus that emerged in Saudi Arabia in 2012

Is it possible to permanently delete a social media profile?

New Scientist - Lu, 27/07/2015 - 16:54
The 37 million people using the Ashley Madison adultery service have to pay to have their accounts deleted, but deleting yourself online might be impossible

Smart mirror monitors your face for telltale signs of disease

New Scientist - Lu, 27/07/2015 - 13:34
The European Union is funding a mirror-like device containing 3D scanners, multispectral cameras and gas sensors to read facial clues to health

[Editorial] Financing global health: the poverty of nations

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
The Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA), the outcome from the first of three meetings in 2015 intended to set the course for the next 15 years of sustainable development, is remarkable only for its alliteration. The third Financing for Development conference (FFD3), which followed meetings in Monterrey, Mexico, in 2002 and Doha, Qatar, in 2008, was an opportunity for the world to restate its vision of a shared, sustainable, prosperous future, and to make plans for achieving it. In this, FFD3 was a resounding disappointment.

[Editorial] New guidelines for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
International experts in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have issued new treatment guidelines to reflect the advances made recently in this terminal disease. Survival for people with IPF—a chronic, progressive, fibrosing form of interstitial pneumonia—was historically around 50% at 3 years. Treatment options have centred on best supportive care including oxygen and pulmonary rehabilitation. Pharmacological disease-modifying interventions have been disappointing. Combination therapy with prednisone, azathioprine, and N-acetylcysteine showed promise, but the results of the PANTHER-IPF study showed an excess of deaths and serious adverse events without evidence of benefit.

[Editorial] Ending institutionalisation of children

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Childhood is a time when the seeds of a person's future health and wellbeing are sown. Ideally, it happens within a family setting that provides individualised care in a loving, safe, enriching, and happy environment. Sadly, more than 8 million vulnerable children worldwide do not have access to such care and grow up in large institutions or orphanages. Such environments share conditions that can be detrimental to children, such as depersonalisation—through lack of personal possessions, care relationships, or symbols of individuality—strict routines, group treatment, and isolation from wider society.

[Comment] Safeguarding children and improving their care in the UK

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
The Health and Social Care (Safety and Quality) Act 2015 came into force after it received Royal assent in the UK Parliament on March 26, 2015.1 One of its purposes is to enable integration of information for the users of adult health and social services in England and allow sharing of an individual's information for the purposes of providing health or social care services to that individual. The Act specifies that a consistent identifier for the individual must be included in the information processed provided that it facilitates the provision of services to the individual and is in his or her best interests.

[Comment] Offline: Why the unity of life matters for our planetary health

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Last week, the Rockefeller Foundation announced an investment of US$15 million towards, in their words, “establishing the pillars of a new discipline”. What is that discipline? It is planetary health, a field “that goes beyond the boundaries of our existing global health framework to take into consideration the natural systems upon which human health depends”. As President of the Foundation, Judith Rodin's personal commitment to this new discipline has been deep and serious. The idea of planetary health was first proposed at the Foundation's Centennial conference, held in Beijing in 2013.

[Special Report] The World Bank under Jim Kim

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
How have Jim Kim's efforts to reform the World Bank and have it tackle new and existing global health challenges been received by staff and development experts? Sam Loewenberg reports.

[Perspectives] What's your poison?

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Qin Shihuangdi (260–210 BCE), first Emperor of China, was an ambitious ruler. He sought to protect his domain and promote his ideals on an unprecedented scale—he ordered the construction of the Great Wall and decreed that all books in the empire be burned. The Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges wrote an essay about the contradiction of both preserving and destroying to such an extreme. Perhaps, Borges suggested, Qin Shihuangdi sought immortality; sealing his kingdom and obliterating its history would create an enclosed realm into which decay could not enter.

[Perspectives] Global Health Film Festival: media, impact, and social change

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Telling the stories of people through film, television, radio, and other media is important for witnessing the realities of individuals' lives in different settings and for promoting social change. Media campaigns can play a part in stimulating behaviour change and improving the uptake of health interventions, although measuring the effect of such campaigns remains a challenge. Interesting work is currently underway by researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) on a media campaign in sub-Saharan Africa that aims to help prevent and treat malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia in children, as well as encourage women to attend health facilities for childbirth.

[Perspectives] Mood vibrations

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Of all the wild rides taken by a rock musician in the past half-century, Brian Wilson's was one of the most tragic. Hearthrob founder of the iconic 1960s American pop band the Beach Boys, Wilson's life fell apart in the space of 20 years. Strung out from years of drug use and estranged from his friends and family, he became a broken man by the 1980s, surrounded by strange companions trying to put him back together again. The new film Love & Mercy, directed by Bill Pohlad, explores Wilson's journey from international stardom into psychological despair and back again.

[Perspectives] A fictional avatar

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
10:04, the second novel by the New York poet and academic Ben Lerner, describes a year or so in the life of his fictional avatar: a thirtysomething New York poet and academic, also named Ben, with a CV which seems to mirror closely that of his creator. This protagonist is initially encountered grappling with the consequences of success: his first book became an unexpected critical hit and a subsequent short story, published in The New Yorker, has elicited, for an as yet unwritten follow-up project, a large advance.

[Perspectives] Signing the US Medicare Act: a long political struggle

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
50 years ago, on July 30, 1965, US President Lyndon B Johnson signed the Medicare Act into law. The law created two new programmes, Medicare for those who had reached the social security retirement age of 65 years, and Medicaid for those whose incomes were below specific levels. In the context of the long history of struggles to obtain national health insurance in the USA, this was a momentous act. Admittedly, the law applied only to part of the population, the old and the poor, but it was nonetheless an important advance.

[Obituary] Levi Watkins

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Cardiac surgeon and US civil rights champion. Born in Parsons, KS, USA, on June 13, 1944, he died of complications from a stroke in Baltimore, MD, USA, on April 11, 2015, aged 70 years.

[Correspondence] Greek financial crisis and child mental health

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
During the past few years, the percentage of Greek children living in poverty or social exclusion has been on the rise as a result of the financial crisis. Although several reports1–3 showed that depression and suicide rates have increased in adults in Greece, no relevant studies exist in child and adolescent populations. It is well known that poverty is a distal risk factor for children's mental health and development. The psychological stress associated with poverty has proximal effects, such as harsh parenting, and distal ones, such as children's antisocial behaviour and other mental health problems.

[Correspondence] Management of disease outbreak in Nepal

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
After reading Buddha Basnyat and colleagues' letter (June 27, p 2572)1 on Nepali earthquakes and the risk of an epidemic of hepatitis E, I would like to offer constructive criticism on the management of disease outbreaks in Nepal. During the rainy season in Nepal, the quality of drinking water falls below the bacteriological standard because of contamination with faecal matter2,3 leading to outbreaks in infectious diseases. Cholera is endemic in Nepal, with annual outbreaks during the rainy season.

[Correspondence] Is precision medicine the route to a healthy world?

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
In their letter (April 25, p 1617),1 John Coote and Michael Joyner argue that “Although precision medicine will almost certainly be used in niche applications, if widely implemented, it could be a distraction from low-cost and effective population-wide interventions and policies”, adding, “We believe precision medicine is not the route to a healthy world and instead urge a renewed and increased focus on public health and prevention”.

[Correspondence] Polio vaccination in Pakistan

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Syed Hussain and colleagues (April 18, p 1509)1 praised the Pakistani Government for arresting parents who refused poliovirus vaccination for their children, calling it a bold move to address the serious issue of polio in Pakistan. This statement gives the impression that parental refusal of child vaccination is the main reason for the failure of polio campaigns in Pakistan; however, this is not the case. Of 34·7 million children targeted for vaccination in March, 2015, only 33 695 (<1%) children were missed because of their parents' refusal.

[Correspondence] Against age discrimination

The Lancet - Sa, 25/07/2015 - 00:00
Representatives of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) in conjunction with Members of the European Parliament devoted to issues in care of elderly people would like to express a strong statement against ageism around the UN formulated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030.1 According to basic fundamental rights, age, sex, or ethnic background are not well founded or justified grounds to put anyone in a less favourable position. A solid basis exists for prevention and treatment of disease (geriatric medicine) in people aged 70 years or older.
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