Riviste scientifiche

AI could put a stop to electricity theft and meter misreadings

New Scientist - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 16:00
An algorithm developed to detect electricity theft for companies in Latin America could also uncover billing errors

[Editorial] For universal health coverage, tomorrow is today

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
In a Comment published alongside the Lancet Series America: Equity and Inequality in Health in April, 2017, Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) wrote: “Today, we must do everything we can to prevent the repeal of the [Affordable Care Act (ACA)] and oppose attempts by the Trump administration to undermine it by failing to enforce the law or promulgating regulations that would sabotage it. Tomorrow, we must work to join the rest of the industrialised world and guarantee health care to all citizens through a Medicare-for-all single-payer system.”

[Editorial] Last days of the Rohingya of Rakhine

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
While the UN Security Council issued a statement last week calling to end the violence against the Rohingya Muslim population of Northern Rakhine State, Myanmar, military forces were burning more villages. In 3 weeks, over 400 000 people (more than half of them children and 400 newborn babies) have made the perilous boat voyage to Bangladesh, fleeing a violent campaign of scorched homes, killings, rapes, and landmine injuries. Although Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi finally broke her silence this week condemning all human rights violations in Rakhine, she fell short of criticising the notorious Tatmadaw national army, which has a gruesome record of human rights abuses and of acting in flagrant disregard for international law.

[Editorial] An annual spotlight on Australian general practice

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
On Sept 13, the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) published an inaugural Gene-ral Practice: Health of the Nation report. Their analysis will become an annual review of Australian general practice: to plan for a future workforce, to track conditions most commonly presented by patients, and to gauge general practitioner (GP) job satisfaction and discontent. The RACGP represents 35 000 members and 17 000 Fellows, treating Australia's population of 24 million.

[Comment] Beating NCDs can help deliver universal health coverage

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
In WHO's drive to ensure good health and care for all, there is a pressing need to step up global and national action on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and the factors that put so many people at risk of illness and death from these conditions worldwide. By action, we mean coordinated action that is led by the highest levels of government and that inserts health concerns into all policy making—from trade and finance to education, environment, and urban planning. Action needs to go beyond government and must bring in civil society, academia, business, and other stakeholders to promote health.

[Comment] Offline: The post-American age

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
Consider Singapore for a moment. In progress towards the health-related Sustainable Development Goals, Singapore ranks first out of 188 nations (the UK is tenth; the USA, 24th). In measures of the quality of medical care (the Healthcare Access and Quality Index), Singapore ranks 21st (the UK is 30th; the USA, 35th). In this month's world university rankings, produced by the Times Higher Education, the National University of Singapore (NUS) was 22nd. NUS is now the leading university in Asia. Singapore, all 241 square miles of it, became a sovereign nation in 1965.

[World Report] Health in Angola in the wake of the presidential election

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
The progress that had been made to improve health for the Angolan people after a long civil war could be lost among an economic crisis. Andrew Green reports.

[Perspectives] Going “round the bend” in prisoner of war camps

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
On Feb 12, 1945, Second Lieutenant Francis Stewart, taken prisoner of war (POW) by the Germans almost 5 years before, recorded the challenges he faced. He could not concentrate. His memory was failing. He was struggling with constant noise in his room. “The exhaustion”, he wrote “was not only physical but mental as well, & for 3 days I was plagued by the prisoner's perpetual bogey that I might really be going ‘round the bend’”. This “perpetual bogey” occurred in POW camps across Europe in World War 2.

[Correspondence] Hepatitis B and C in Tonkolili Province, Sierra Leone

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
Although Sierra Leone is, via various international donors, making a huge effort to fight HIV infection by facilitating free testing, treatment, and counselling throughout the country, little has been done to fight hepatitis B and C, because of limited resources. As WHO recommends,1–3 vaccination against hepatitis B is obligatory for 6-week-old children in Sierra Leone. However, no action is being taken to prevent infection among the adult population, or to prevent the vertical transmission from pregnant women to their newborn children, through vaccination in the first 24 h of life.

[Correspondence] Mainstreaming genomic medicine

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
The recent Editorial published in The Lancet (July 15, p 203)1 in response to the Generation Genome report argued that, because of current pressures in the National Health Service (NHS), coupled with insufficient evidence of clinical usefulness, now may not be the time for mainstreaming genomic medicine. I would like to suggest that there are inherent limitations to the transformative potential of genomics.

[Correspondence] Exclusive and partial enteral nutrition for Crohn's disease

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
In their Article, Subra Kugathasan and colleagues (April 29, p 1710)1 validated a risk-stratification model showing that early anti-tumour necrosis factor α therapy in patients with Crohn's disease was associated with reduced incidence of internal penetrating complications, although not stricturing complications.

[Correspondence] Exclusive and partial enteral nutrition for Crohn's disease – Authors' reply

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
We appreciate the letter from Nizar Senussi about the use of exclusive or partial enteral nutrition in children with Crohn's disease. We agree that enteral nutrition has many beneficial effects and is probably underused in practice.

[Correspondence] Head injury decision rules in children

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
In The Lancet (June 17, p 2393),1 Franz E Babl and colleagues report a prospective cohort study comparing the accuracy of three head injury decision rules in children: PECARN,2 CATCH,3 and CHALICE.4 As an author of the CATCH rules, I commend Babl and his team for their large prospective external validation study.

[Correspondence] Head injury decision rules in children

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
The well designed Lancet study by Franz E Babl and colleagues1 compares three rules used for neuroimaging in paediatric patients with head trauma. As authors of the PECARN rules,2 we highlight several important points that require consideration. First, the three prediction rules compared were published in 2006, 2009, and 2010, before enrolment for the study by Babl and colleagues began. Therefore, the 10% CT rate noted by Babl and colleagues should be considered in that context, because CT ordering was likely to have been influenced by the rules.

[Correspondence] Head injury decision rules in children – Authors' reply

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
We thank Martin H Osmond and Nathan Kuppermann and colleagues for their responses to our study1 comparing the accuracy of three head injury decision rules, PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE.

[Department of Error] Department of Error

The Lancet - Sa, 23/09/2017 - 00:00
Nomura S, Sakamoto H, Glenn S, et al. Population health and regional variations of disease burden in Japan, 1990–2015: a systematic subnational analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 2017; 390: 1521–38—In figure 6 of this Article, the y-axis should have read “Age-standardised death rates per 100 000 people in 2015”. This correction has been made to the online version as of Sept 21, 2017, and the printed version is correct.

This AI reads the news to keep tabs on US police shootings

New Scientist - Ve, 22/09/2017 - 19:30
There’s no central government database on police-related shootings in the US, but now a machine-learning system is helping record details by scanning the news

Two-colour pixels let you draw pair of images in the same space

New Scientist - Ve, 22/09/2017 - 18:14
Pixels created with pinholes in aluminium can change colour under different light, which may be useful for fighting forgeries and for storing data

OSIRIS-REx spacecraft zooms by Earth on its way to an asteroid

New Scientist - Ve, 22/09/2017 - 17:40
On its way to collect dust samples from the asteroid Bennu, NASA’S OSIRIS-REx spaceship will slingshot around Earth, passing 17,000 kilometres above Antarctica

Plan to save Great Barrier Reef from encroaching farm pollution

New Scientist - Ve, 22/09/2017 - 17:07
A major project is underway to protect Australia’s Great Barrier Reef from being smothered and poisoned by agricultural runoff
Condividi contenuti