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Researcher who created gene-edited babies has been fired

New Scientist - %age fa
He Jiankui has been dismissed by the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen after a preliminary investigation by provincial authorities

A meteorite hit the moon during yesterday's total lunar eclipse

New Scientist - %age fa
People watching the total lunar eclipse in the early hours of Monday morning noticed a brief flash of light, which has now been confirmed as a meteorite impact

Exclusive: DNA solves Rudolf Hess doppelgänger conspiracy theory

New Scientist - %age fa
Adolf Hitler's deputy flew to Scotland in 1941 and was imprisoned for the rest of his life. But was the man in Spandau really Rudolf Hess? Now a DNA test has revealed the truth

France and others plan to tackle air pollution in Mediterranean sea

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 18:57
Creating a low emissions zone for shipping in the Mediterranean sea would cost €3 billion but should save €8 to 14 billion per year in health costs

Our galaxy’s supermassive black hole may be spewing matter right at us

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 17:32
The best image yet of the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way shows that if it has a powerful jet like others do, it may be pointing at Earth

We’ve discovered a new type of blood vessel in our bones

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 17:00
There's a newly discovered network of blood vessels in our bones that are important for the immune system and could shed light on bone disease

The last Neanderthals may have died out much earlier than we thought

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 17:00
Spain was seen as the only part of Europe humans struggled to colonise, allowing Neanderthals to cling on for longer – now that's being challenged

Creation of gene-edited babies in China may have been illegal

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 14:32
A report from the Chinese state news agency says that researcher He Jiankui's work was conducted "illegally", though the consequences of this are as yet unclear

Probability helps zebrafish stay in schools when faced with predators

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 13:26
Fish track the movement of their neighbours to swim in dense schools as they flee predators – and they pay more attention to the motion of some fish than others

Astronauts could use fish and human waste to grow food on long trips

New Scientist - Lu, 21/01/2019 - 13:00
On long space missions, fish could help create a closed loop system where space travellers grow all the food they need and recycle all their waste

Every bottle of prosecco may erode 4.4 kilograms of Italian hillside

New Scientist - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 10:00
In Italy's traditional prosecco-growing region, estimates suggest that 400,000 tonnes of soil is eroded from the vineyards each year

[Editorial] Modernising the NHS: leading the way with diabetes

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
The release of the National Health Service (NHS) Long Term Plan on Jan 7, which provides an ambitious roadmap for transforming health care in the UK over the next decade, has been met with both optimism and scepticism. The plan proposes to expand patient access to services through use of digital general practitioner (GP) consultations, integration of primary care services with community and social care, strengthening prevention programmes, and addressing widening health and social inequities within the UK.

[Comment] Moving to a higher echelon in CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
Peripheral T-cell lymphoma is a rare and heterogeneous subgroup of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, comprising approximately 10–15% of all cases.1 Although there is no consensus on the optimal front-line therapy, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP) has been widely adopted as the default reference regimen, with autologous stem cell transplantation consolidation performed in eligible patients. However, with the exception of younger low-risk International Prognostic Index patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma,2 outcomes in peripheral T-cell lymphoma are suboptimal, with a meta-analysis3 showing a 5-year overall survival of just 38·5% with CHOP or CHOP-like regimens.

[Comment] Harnessing synergies at the interface of public health and the security sector

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
In response to epidemic outbreaks of Ebola virus disease in 2014 and Zika virus in 2015, militaries and public security agencies mobilised to bolster public health interventions in partnership with host governments, civil society, and humanitarian actors.1,2 Conversely, military action, authoritarian enforcement, and criminal justice systems have fuelled public health crises—eg, military operations have affected cholera outbreaks in Yemen3 and incarceration exacerbates transmission of tuberculosis.

[Comment] Real-world studies no substitute for RCTs in establishing efficacy

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
We live in the real world, so it is reasonable to expect that data collected from the real world should help identify effective therapies. Indeed, rapid increases in the availability of registries, electronic health records, and insurance claims, and the ability to access, process, link, and analyse data from these sources at fairly low cost lend support for calls to replace randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with so-called real-world studies to establish the efficacy of a therapy,1,2 particularly for common serious diseases with abundant, easily collected data such as diabetes.

[Comment] With thanks to The Lancet's reviewers in 2018

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
The trust that authors place in editors, and editors in reviewers, creates a precious opportunity to strengthen manuscripts and advance science. The Lancet values deeply the relationships with our peer reviewers, and never, not even in our requests for overdue reviews, do we take your time and contributions for granted. Therefore, to the almost 2000 reviewers (appendix) who joined a conversation with The Lancet in 2018, we say a heart-felt thank you.

[Comment] Offline: Our common language

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
Primo Levi was born a century ago on July 31, 1919, in Turin, Italy. His most famous book is The Periodic Table, a collection of allusive reflections about his life, including his imprisonment in Auschwitz, organised into 21 chapters named according to a particular chemical element. By a strange coincidence, 2019 is also the 150th anniversary of the first publication of the periodic table by Russian chemist Dimitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834–1907). The UN has designated 2019 the International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements (a launch event will be held at the headquarters of UNESCO in Paris on Jan 29).

[World Report] Health-care inequity a challenge for Brazil's new Government

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
Jair Bolsonaro takes office as many health challenges face the country. Barbara Fraser, in Lima, and Lise Alves, in São Paulo, report.

[World Report] Syrian refugees hit by heavy rains

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
Harsh weather worsens an already dire situation in Lebanon for refugees from the Syrian conflict. Sharmila Devi reports.

[Perspectives] Drawing on the NHS

The Lancet - Sa, 19/01/2019 - 00:00
I grew up accompanied with the Bunty. The stories were funny, challenging, always interesting. The hard work of this child's reading was made easier by the drawings that explained meanings rapidly and non-verbally. Drawn communication can be direct and powerful. I recall Harry Horse, a political cartoonist, explaining that he could not say that a political leader was wicked, vain, and cruel but could draw them in a way that left little doubt as to his opinion. The cartoons of Private Eye can pithily capture what would otherwise have taken a paragraph or two, and be neither as memorable nor funny.
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